INSPIRE

A major step forward in Europe was made in May 2007 with the entry into force of the INSPIRE Directive on the creation of a European Spatial Information Infrastructure to support Community environmental policies and policies or activities that may have an environmental impact.

INSPIRE is based on spatial information infrastructures set up and managed by the 28 member states of the European Union. This Directive addresses 34 spatial data topics required for environmental applications, with the key components outlined in the technical implementing rules. This makes INSPIRE a unique example of a "regional" legislative approach.

Directive no. 2007/2 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Councilод 14 март 2007 година за формирање на Инфраструктура за просторни информации во Европската заедница (INSPIRE) (14.03.2007)

INSPIRE Metadata Regulation (03.12.2008)

Commission Decision regarding INSPIRE monitoring and reporting (05.06.2009)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 of 19 October 2009 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the Network Services (19.10.2009)

Corrigendum to INSPIRE Metadata Regulation (15.12.2009)

Regulation on INSPIRE Data and Service Sharing (29.03.2010)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (08.12.2010)

What is the INSPIRE Directive?

The INSPIRE Directive entered into force on 15 May 2007 and will be implemented at various stages, with full implementation due to be completed in 2019.

The INSPIRE Directive aims to create the European Union (EU) Spatial Data Infrastructure. This will enable the exchange of spatial environmental information between public sector organizations and easier public access to spatial data in Europe.

The European Spatial Data Infrastructure will help to create cross-border policies. Therefore the spatial information provided for by the Directive is comprehensive and includes a wide range of current and technical topics.

INSPIRE is based on several common principles:

  • Data should be collected only once and stored where it can be most effectively maintained.
  • It should be possible for spatial information from different sources across Europe to be easily combined and shared with many users and applications.
  • It should be possible for information collected at one level / scale to be shared with all levels / scales; detailed in-depth research, general for strategic purposes.
  • The geographical information needed for good management at all levels should be easily accessible and transparent.
  • Еasy to find what geographic information is available, how it can be used to meet specific needs, and under what conditions it can be purchased and used.

Directive 2007/2 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 on the establishment of a European Community Spatial Information Infrastructure (INSPIRE) is published in the Official Journal on 25 April 2007. The INSPIRE Directive entered into force on 15 May 2007.

To ensure that Member States' spatial data infrastructures are compatible and usable in the Community in a cross-border context, the Directive requires the adoption of common Implementation Rules in a number of specific areas (metadata, data specifications, network services). , data and service sharing, and surveillance and reporting). These Implementing Rules are adopted as Commission Decisions or Regulations, and are binding in their entirety. In the process of adopting such rules the Commission is assisted by a Regulatory Commission composed of representatives of the Member States chaired by a representative of the Commission (this procedure is known as Comitology).

Metadata

INSPIRE Metadata Regulation (03.12.2008)

Corrigendum to INSPIRE Metadata Regulation (15.12.2009)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1311/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 as regards the definition of an INSPIRE metadata element (11.12.2014)

Data specifications

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (08.12.2010)

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 102/2011 of 4 February 2011 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (05.02.2011)

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (10.12.2013)

Consolidated text of the said legal acts

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services

Network services

Commission Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 of 19 October 2009 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the Network Services (19.10.2009)

Commission Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 as regards download services and transformation service (08.12.2010)

Exchange of data and services

Regulation on INSPIRE Data and Service Sharing (29.03.2010)

Supervision and reporting

Commission Decision regarding INSPIRE monitoring and reporting (05.06.2009)

Services with spatial data

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services(11.12.2014)

Transposition

Information on the transposition status of the INSPIRE Directive in the Member States can be found on the EUR-lex site. The fact that there is a reference to national enforcement measures does not necessarily mean that these measures are comprehensive or harmonized.

INSPIRE Background

In 2002 Commissioners Wallström, Solbes and Busquin agreed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation between ENV, ESTAT and JRC on the first steps in the development of the INSPIRE initiative. This Memorandum of Understanding was adopted in order to be operational until the Commission adopted a proposal for an INSPIRE Directive, after which the Memorandum of Understanding should be revised and updated. The Commission proposal was adopted in July 2004.

This updated Memorandum of Understanding, signed in 2006, provided the basis for continued cooperation between the services of the Directorate General for Environment, EUROSTAT and JRC for the INSPIRE initiative. It outlined the roles and responsibilities, work arrangements and cooperation mechanisms by the end of 2013.

It was agreed that a key success factor for the implementation of the Directive is the identification of permanent and precise roles and responsibilities of each of the leading services, as well as efficient and effective coordination mechanisms to ensure consistency throughout the INSPIRE implementation process. The three co-operating directorates-general also agreed to take full responsibility for the further openness and transparency of the various communities involved in the implementation of INSPIRE.

INSPIRE Team for coordination (CT)

The INSPIRE team consists of European Commission staff from the two Directorates-General, the Directorate-General for the Environment and the Directorate-General of the Joint Research Center (JRC), as well as employees from the European Environment Agency (EEA).

Role: The role of the team is to coordinate the development of implementation rules.

Directorate General for Environment

The Directorate-General for the Environment acts as overall legislation and policy coordinator for INSPIRE. The formulation of the legal act and its monitoring is led by the Directorate General for Environment, with the support and advice of Eurostat. Given INSPIRE's primary focus on environmental policy, as well as on the basis of cooperation with the EEA, the Directorate-General for Environment identifies the thematic environmental policy requirements for INSPIRE as the framework for the implementation program.

Joint Research Center (JRC)

JRC acts as overall technical coordinator of INSPIRE. JRC ensures the sustainability and development of INSPIRE technical infrastructure and guarantees cooperation with the European and international research community. JRC also initiates and monitors the work of international standardization bodies for the purposes of INSPIRE and will be responsible for technical coordination with other relevant international initiatives.

European Environment Agency (EEA)

In 2013, the European Environment Agency (EEA) increased its involvement in EU-level coordination by undertaking monitoring and reporting tasks, as well as sharing data and services under INSPIRE as part of SEIS and INSPIRE activities. The EEA will also leverage the networking experience through the well-established European Environmental Information and Monitoring Network (EIONET) to strengthen the integration of INSPIRE with other EU-level initiatives, including the reporting and dissemination of environmental information.

Note:

From 2007 to 2013 Eurostat was a member of the INSPIRE Coordination Team and acted as Coordinator for the overall implementation of INSPIRE. Eurostat and JRC jointly developed a work program taking into account the proposed technical approach and the solutions provided by JRC for the same, input data for the construction of policy requirements provided by the Directorate of Environment, taking into account the overall requirements of the JRC. policy provided by the Inter-Services Group of the Commission on Geographic Information (COGI). Following the adoption of the Directive, Eurostat provided the Secretariat for the INSPIRE Regulatory Commission as part of its operational responsibilities.

INSPIRE Committee (IC)

The regulatory nature of the implementing rules requires the Commission to present them to the Regulatory Committee of the representatives of the Member States, referred to as the INSPIRE Committee.

Role: The INSPIRE Committee has the general task of assisting the Commission and delivering on a draft of the Implementing Rules proposed by the Commission. This opinion shall be submitted in the form of a vote.

Member States Contact Points (MSCP)

Each Member State must designate a point of contact, usually a public authority, to be responsible for contacts with the INSPIRE Commission.

Role: The role of contact points is to provide results for transposing INSPIRE into national legislation.

The contact points will also be responsible for providing regular information on the implementation of INSPIRE in their country and will report to the Commission on behalf of the Member State.

Initial Operational Readiness Group (IOC TF)

The Initial Operational Preparedness Task Force (IOC TF) was set up in June 2009 to assist and support Member States in implementing INSPIRE services and to provide interoperability with the European Commission's INSPIRE geoportal. The IOC TF consists of representatives from all Member States responsible for the design of the architecture and implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI).

Role: The initial focus of the Initial Operational Preparedness Group was on the implementation of the INSPIRE Detection and Review services. The scope of the Initial Operational Preparedness Group was expanded to include the implementation of the INSPIRE Download and Transformation Services.

Every year the European INSPIRE conference is held to provide a forum for government, academia and industry representatives to hear and discuss the latest developments related to the INSPIRE Directive.

This conference is a great opportunity to present the European INSPIRE Directive to the community and hear about the developments in the National SDI.

Conferences are organized through a series of plenary sessions dealing with common policy topics, and parallel sessions and workshops focusing in particular on SDI applications and implementations, research topics and new and emerging technologies and applications.

Inspire Dubrovnik 2020
Inspirе Helsinki 2020
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